Media & Insights

September 16 - 2020

Sharjah’s History


The Emirate of Sharjah is one of the emirates of the United Arab Emirates, which covers 2,590 square kilometers (1,000 sq mi), and it signifies 'east' or 'rising sun' in Arabic.

Sharjah was one of the wealthiest towns in the gulf region. The history of Sharjah dates back to 6,000 years and is built on a strong foundation, rich history, and traditions, art, and culture. In 1998, Sharjah was rewarded with the title: “Cultural Capital of the Arab World” by UNESCO.

Let’s back to 85,000 BCE
The first evidence of human life in the UAE was discovered on Jebel Faya in Sharjah, which dates back to around 85,000 BC. A significant number of the things uncovered during archeological unearthing during the 1950s go back to the Stone Age and are in plain view at the Sharjah Archeology Museum.

Sharjah between 1720 to 1940
In the 1720s, the Qawasim tribe, whose currently rule Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah, became the major power in the region. Throughout the centuries that followed, Sharjah depended upon the sea for its thriving through fishing, dhow-building, and exchanging. Pearling was also a significant industry that kept going into the last part of the 1940s.

In the 20th Century
The 20th century was set apart by fast developments, including the foundation of the UAE's first universal airport in Sharjah in 1932, and the introduction of modern schools, medical clinics, and media centers. In 1971, the league of the United Arab Emirates was set up, involving the emirates of Sharjah, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ajman, Fujairah, Umm Al Quwain, and, in 1972, Ras Al Khaimah.

Sharjah's ruler, His Highness Sheikh Dr. Sultan Bin Mohammad Al Qasimi, turned into the leader of Sharjah in 1972, continued Sharjah's development incomes from oil and gas, making a prosperous and current express that holds the customs of its Islamic culture.

Sharjah Today
Sharjah has become the leading center of education and the cultural cornerstone of the UAE with many interesting museums and historic sites. Additionally, it houses several parks, an aquarium, a center for Arabian wildlife as well as providing many modern facilities to visitors.

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